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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Starting Off
Purpose of Activity:
To introduce students to the protocols of "starting" and "stopping".
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
Whistle; small hand held checkered or any other type of flag; consecutive playing music cassette long enough for your particular class length; cassette player with play and stop controls (a remote control is ideal); 1 jump rope for each student
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

Let students know they will be playing the "starting and stopping"game today. Discuss how the start signal (which means to beginyour movement) and stop signal (which means to stop your movementinstantly and freeze in place) are important for the safety of allstudents. Then discuss and demonstrate different ways to start and stop,being sure to tell students they need to pay close attention because thesesignals will help them play the game better.

"Start" signals can be: You saying "go"; whenever you begin to playmusic; one whistle blow; or a flag movement from up above head and downtowards floor. "Stop" can be: You saying "freeze" in a loud, clearvoice; the pausing or stopping of music; two whistle blows; or the flagbeing waved up above the head.

Then give students ample opportunities to stop and start their movement.Here are some activity and presentation ideas:

On the "go" signal, have students spread out into personalspace.

Call out a movement type (walking, slow jogging,skipping, hopping, jumping, crab walking, animal imitations, jumping rope,etc.), and have students perform them while following the stop and startsignals.

Vary the kind of signals you use (i.e., don't always use thesame signal!)

Be sure to compliment the students on how well they aredoing! Challenge them to "beat" how well they did the last time. One trickis to count how long it takes students to "stop" once you give thesignal...and see if they can get down to "1" or even stopping exactly atthe signal! Making it a "game" keeps their motivation up to practice andlisten well!

Use a culminating activity such as "Simon Says" for a few minutes,to review and reinforce the differentways to stop and start. For this game, have students stand on one or twoconnected sidelines of the basketball court or in a big circle, eachallowing for some personal space. Give them a way to move in their space,starting only when one of the "start" signals is given. When the "stop"signal is given, students who do not freeze instantaneously should sit downwhere they are. Keep playing until only a few (one or two) students areleft, then begin again. When done, remind students about the importance offollowing the stop and start signals, and challenge them to do as wellthroughout the year with the signals as they have done that day.
Kevin A. Zaletel. Posted on PEC: 5/17/2000.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
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