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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Dice T-ball
Purpose of Activity:
To fully include all students when playing a game of T-ball/softball.
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
Batting Tee; Ball (incrediball; softball; whiffle ball;or nerf ball); Bats (appropriate for ball used); 4 Bases; Playing Field; Large Dice (just one needed) Adaptations for Disabled: Large die (On one side put a #1 (for single); a #2 (for double); a #3 (for triple); a #4 (for home run); an "X" (for strike); and a "O" (for ball) Rules for tagging runners with disabilities Peer educators
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

Have students play the game of t-ball/softball as they would play it normally (with a tee, softer ball, pitched ball, etc.) However, to make it a fully inclusive game you need to use a few adaptations. You can do some or all of the following:

Instead of having students with disabilities batting a ball off the tee use the die. If the #1 comes up the student automatically gets a single, a #2 a double, etc. (see above). If an "X" comes up it is one strike, a "O" is one ball;

Students in the field need to count to a certain number (such as 10) before they can tag out the runner with a disability;

Students using wheelchairs can either push themselves around the bases or have a peer educator push them;

Students with disabilities should have a peer educator with them in the field to: give them the ball (if in a chair), help direct them to the ball, help them catch, throw, etc.;

Shorten the base distances for students with disabilities
Carol Ryan who teaches at Northern Kentucky University in Highland Heights, KY. Posted on PEC: 8/29/2001.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
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