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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Rug Rats
Purpose of Activity:
To develop hand-dribbling and passing skills in a "steal" free environment and to give students practice in implementing offensive and defensive strategies: Activity cues: Offense: move to an open area/away from defensive person, tosuccessfully catch or passthe ball Defense: keep your body between the offense player and theirgoal (e.g. another person or the goal area)
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
10 cones or other markers per game area; 2 rug or carpet squares per game area; Pinneys for 1/2 of the class; 1 slightly deflated 8 1/2" playground ball per game area
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

Set up as many game areas in your instructional space to safely accommodate small group games of 3-vs.-3 or 4-vs.-4. One team in each game should wear the pinnies.

One person on each team is designated the "basket". Using the cones, he or she should mark off a goal area in the opponent's end area that is large enough for him/her to lunge step and reach out without passing over the boundaries.

After the game begins (students should cooperatively decide a fair way to begin play), teammates should (bounce, allie oop, chest, etc.) pass, dribble, and catch the ball in order to move the ball down the "court". The offensive strategy of moving away from the defensive players in order to get open for a pass should be emphasized throughout the game. The following rules also apply:

There is no stealing of the ball while someone is dribbling, and no contact during play.

A player who lands on the floor loses possession of the ball.

There is no penalty for double dribbling.

There is no penalty for travelling; if it occurs, the defense nicely informs the dribbler that he or she is travelling, and the game continues.

One point is scored when your "basket" (a teammate who has at least one foot on the rug) receives a pass. No one but the "basket" student may be in the goal area. After a point is scored, the "basket" must throw the ball to the other team.

The defense takes possession of the ball at the spot where it is intercepted in flight, a pass is blocked and the defense recovers it, the ball is rolling/bouncing away from the dribbler (a free ball), or the other team scores. Defensive players should work on using the defensive strategies of guarding (but not contacting) offensive players, and keeping their body between the offensive player with the ball and their goal (whether this be the goal area or another player).

Continuously emphasize the offensive and defensive game strategies with students, stopping a game when necessary to make a point or have one team "model" a strategy for the other students. Teams can be rotated during the game (for example, teams on "X" side rotate one game to the left to face a new opposing team).

Teaching Suggestions:

Although falling, contact, and stealing the ball have been ruled out, students may need to be reminded (especially in the beginning) about these rules.
Francis Aldrich who teaches at Flaherty Elementary School in Braintree , ME . Posted on PEC: 3/23/2001.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
Products for This Lesson: