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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: 123/ABC Hopscotch
understanding the difference between jumping and hopping; knowledge of the alphabet, letter sounds and simple counting
Purpose of Activity:
To reinforce alphabet recognition, alphabet sounds, number readiness and assessment.
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
outside area (asphalt and/or cement) for drawing several hopscotch grids with large squares; colored chalk Physical activity: hopping; jumping; and balance
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

After children are introduced to the activity and shown how to play hopscotch, they will be encouraged to hop or jump into a square and identify the letter or number that is stepped on.


To make the activity more challenging for older learners, they may give a word or make the sound of a letter in the square and/or spell out words; for number recognition, the children can count fingers, toes or other children. For younger learners, children can be given choices to identify letters or numbers. For both learners, upper and lower case letters may be used if children are ready for more challenges.

Assessment Ideas:

As a child hops/jumps in the square, (s)he can identify/write the alphabet or letter used.
Assess how well the children are able to hop, jump and balance for a short period of time.

Adaptations for Students with Disabilities:

For children with disabilities who are not mobile, bean bags can be used to throw or another child can hop/jump as the disabled child identifies the alphabet or number. A child with a speech impairment can point and hop as the alphabet/number is called out.
Gloria Hall who teaches at Clair-Mel Elem in Tampa, FL. Posted on PEC: 8/1/2004.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
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