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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Hail Storm
The students should have had a large amount of prior instruction in the correct technique for the overhand throw using appropriate cues such as those above.
Purpose of Activity:
To give students an opportunity to practice their overhand throwing skills in a game-like situation. Activity cues: Side to target, step with the opposite foot, make an "L" with the elbow.
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
As many soft balls suitable for throwing such as medium gator-skin balls; medium beach balls; small foam balls; etc; as possible;
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

Before class, separate the entire gym into three areas using cones. The middle section should be the smallest area, at about 15 feet wide. Divide the balls equally between and scattered in the two "end" areas.

Review the cues previously learned for the overhand throw (from either this lesson or those preceeding this lesson) with students. Explain that they will be playing a game in which you will be looking to see if they are correctly throwing or not. Explain and demonstrate the activity as follows:

The object of the game for the students is to get more balls into the other team's area during the time given (a few minutes); you will be looking to see how well each side is throwing. Students move balls to the other side by throwing any of the balls. A ball that is in the middle is out-of-bounds for players; the only way to retrieve one from this area is to strike it with another ball. Explain that everyone needs to remember that if someone else is moving to get a ball on the floor, someone else should not run to go get it, as well.

Divide the students up, putting students of varying skill levels on both sides. Give the signal to begin; after a few minutes (or if many of the balls have collected on one side) stop the game. Give feedback about which side appears to have less balls on their side; also, give feedback about which side is more often using correct form for throwing.

Divide the balls up and begin again. If you notice during the game that students are just throwing any way they can to get the ball over, stop the activity. Discuss with students that using correct form will help them to throw the ball further.

Teaching Suggestions:

"Winners" and "losers" should not be stressed in this game; actually, counting balls on each side does not even need to be done. Students will gain enjoyment from playing the game without focusing on who "wins" or "loses". Throwing with proper form should be the focus on the activity.

Observe to see if there are any students who are being too aggressive in obtaining balls. All students should get the similar opportunities to throw.

Assessment Ideas:

During the activity, observe each student to see if he/she is using correct form. A cue checklist works well for this type of assessment.

Adaptations for Students with Disabilities:

Allow the student to choose a classmate to be their helper in picking up balls to throw.
Mat Prezioso who teaches at Southeast Elementary School in Ravenna, OH. Posted on PEC: 6/7/2001.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
Products for This Lesson: