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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Badminton 4-Square
For beginners, students need to know how to hit a shuttle and serve properly. For intermediate games, students should have knowledge of how to perform various badminton shots. For advanced games, students should know and understand the strategies of attack and defending space in badminton as well as knowledge of majority of shots in badminton.
Purpose of Activity:
The purpose of this game is communication in a badminton modified game situation. In addition, the students will practice various badminton strategies of attacking and defending space skills.
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
8-12 badminton nets; a class set of badminton racquets; and 4-10 birdies;
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea

Equipment Setup: Put two nets up in the regular badminton arrangement. Then attach one net to the middle pole in between the other two nets and another net on the other side of the middle pole so that you have 4 badminton courts. All four nets should be attached to the middle pole. The formation should look like this: -I-.

Game play: Have students pair up with a partner. 2 students per section on the giant court. Designate one court to be the head, or number 1 court, and they are to serve first. Also designate the number 2, 3, and 4 courts. The #1 square is allowed to serve to any of the other 3 teams. Once the shuttle is going, each team is trying to make the other teams miss their return shots. If a team misses a shot, they are to move to the designated fourth square and whichever team is in the first square serves. Play continues in this fashion until the end of time limit.

Teaching Suggestions:

There are many decision making possibilities in this activity which the teacher may include in the lesson.

This is a change from the normal routine which engages the students, particularly in the cognitive domain. It's not the standard game and format but is a great experience.


(a) Add another shuttle and have the fourth square serve at the same time as the first square.
(b) No designated numbers for teams and courts. Just let the teams accumulate points for a shot that makes the other team miss.
(c) Every team must hit the shuttle at least once before any team can score a point or be removed from their square.
(d) Have 3 students per team for large classes.
(e) If enough 4-square court arrangements, then have each student occupy a square as a single player and rotate one or two players in from the outside. The rotating students can be referees/judges of in and out.

Assessment Ideas:

Questions: (verbal or written)

Q1. Is it harder for your opponent to attack you from the front or back of court? Why?
A1: Back because the opponent is farther from the net.

Q2. How do you attack the front part of your opponent's court?
A2: With a drop shot.

Q3. How do you defend your space when under attack from your opponent?
A3: Going back to the center of the court after my shot.

Q4. What formation works best for you to defend your opponent's shots?
A4: Front/back, side-to-side, combo (depends on the student).

Q5: How do you keep your opponent from knowing where you are going to hit the shuttle?
A5: Mixing up the shots and faking out opponent by speed of swing and direction of eyes/body.

Adaptations for Students with Disabilities:

Use racquetball racquets (bigger face) and/or bigger sized shuttlecocks.
Jason Kieronski who teaches at Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, IL. Posted on PEC: 12/26/2002.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
Products for This Lesson: