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P.E. Central Lesson Plan: Decision-making Scenarios
Purpose of Activity:
Students will use the five-step (ABCDE) model of the decision-making process to determine the solutions and consequences of four example scenarios. Follow the ABCDE model: Assess the problem, Brainstorm alternative solutions, Consider the consequences of each, Decide and act, Evaluate the consequences.
Suggested Grade Level:
Materials Needed:
Transparency of the ABCDE decision-making model; transparency projector; scenario handouts; paper; pencils
Lesson Plan:
Description of Idea


1. Cindy is 18 years old. Cindy's parents
and her 23-year old brother Rich are going away for the weekend.
Renee, Cindy's best friend, is pressuring her to throw a huge
Saturday night party for all their friends since no one will
be home. Renee even asked Rich if he could pick up a few kegs
for them. Rich brought back two kegs of beer, a case of Zima,
a bottle of Vodka, and a few bottles of wine, which he hid in
the basement. Renee also spread the word around school for everyone
to show up. Cindy now has over $100 worth of alcohol hid in the
basement, an empty house for the weekend, and fifteen friends expected
to show. What should she do?

2. Cindy, 18, is hosting the biggest high school party of the
year. Her parents have gone away for the weekend. Her brother
bought more than enough alcohol, and her friend Renee invited
all of their friends. Everything is going well at first, but
eventually Cindy becomes aware of a few problems: What should
Cindy do?

- her friends invited friends, and there are now close to 100
people at the house

- some of her guests are getting sick in inconvenient places

- some of her guests are getting too friendly in inconvenient

- the neighbors have threatened to call the police if the noise

- her parents changed plans, and are now coming home at 7:00
a.m. the next day

3. Bill and Tom, both 18, are driving around on a Saturday night
looking for something to do. Tom stops at his house to make some
phone calls and pick up some beer for the road. He hands the
6-pack to Bill, who immediately cracks one open and tosses the
rest in the backseat. Tom, distracted by Bill, drives through
a stop sign. The next thing the boys notice is the siren from
an approaching police car? What should they do?

4. Julie, 21, and her friends go out to a frat party. Julie is spending most of her time dancing and
socializing with a few guys, some of whom she knows. The guys
are taking turns getting her drinks when she starts to feel a
little woozy. She notices that she needs to refocus her eyes
every time she blinks. She also can't seem to hear everything
that's being said. Looking around, she can't locate any of her
friends. What should she do?

Protective Factors:(positive decision-making)

- being reared in a loving, functional family

- being involved in school activities

- having positive self-esteem

- having clearly defined goals and plans to reach them

- having close friends- regularly practicing one's faith

- feeling a sense of accomplishment at school

- having a role model

- having a healthful attitude about competition and athletics

- being committed to following community rules

- having a plan to cope with life's stressors

Risk Factors (negative decision-making)

- dysfunctional family

- low self-esteem

- being unable to resist peer pressure or influence

- lacking faith experiences

- genetically predisposed to chemical dependency

- experiencing family disruptions

- experiencing depression

- experiencing academic and/or athletic pressure

The students will be introduced to the ABCDE five-step model of decision making through the use of an overhead transparency. All of the steps will be discussed with examples. Following the decision-making process, the teacher will discuss the protective factors that lead to positive decision-making, and the risk factors that lead to negative decision-making. The teacher will ask for examples of each from the class, and discuss each step as necessary.

The teacher will then split the students into
four groups and distribute one scenario to each. The students
are to use the ABCDE decision-making model to find solutions and
consequences for their scenario. Each group will be given pencils
and paper to write down their brainstorming sessions, and each
possible solution. After ten to fifteen minutes of group work,
the students will present their scenario and solution to the class.

The group presenting will conclude by fielding
questions from the class and teacher. The class will conclude
with a review of the ABCDE model and the protective and risk factors
that can influence decision-making.

Assessment Ideas:

The teacher can establish a scoring rubric for the group presentations, while also collecting the papers each group used to outline possible scenarios. The teacher should also assess the quality of answers given to questions from the class following the presentation.
Jay Vasil who teaches at Lewisburg Area High School in Lewisburg , PA . Posted on PEC: 6/14/2000.
This lesson plan was provided courtesy of P.E. Central (
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